If the acquired company is liquidated then the company needs an additional entry to distribute the remaining assets to its shareholders.
Treatment to the purchasing company: When the purchasing company acquires the subsidiary through the purchase of its common stock, it records in its books the investment in the acquired company and the disbursement of the payment for the stock acquired.
When the amount of stock purchased is between 20% and 50% of the common stock outstanding, the purchasing company’s influence over the acquired company is often significant.
The deciding factor, however, is significant influence.
The company does not need any entries to adjust this account balance unless the investment is considered impaired or there are liquidating dividends, both of which reduce the investment account.
Liquidating dividends : Liquidating dividends occur when there is an excess of dividends declared over earnings of the acquired company since the date of acquisition.
There may be amalgamations, either by transfer of two or more undertakings to a new company, or to the transfer of one or more companies to an existing company".
Consolidation is the practice, in business, of legally combining two or more organizations into a single new one.
Regular dividends are recorded as dividend income whenever they are declared.
Impairment loss : An impairment loss occurs when there is a decline in the value of the investment other than temporary.
If other factors exist that reduce the influence or if significant influence is gained at an ownership of less than 20%, the equity method may be appropriate (FASB interpretation 35 (FIN 35) underlines the circumstances where the investor is unable to exercise significant influence).
To account for this type of investment, the purchasing company uses the equity method.
Upon consolidation, the original organizations cease to exist and are supplanted by a new entity.