Native americans method of dating

See also Alan Leveillee, "Eastern Woodland Mortuary Practices as Reflected in Canine Burials at the Lambert Farm Site, Warwick, Rhode Island," in Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Volume 54 (1993).

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An article in the October 1997 issue of National Geographic by Rick Gore, "The Most Ancient Americans," provides a concise account of the discussion among archaeologists. Zimmerman, Little Brown and Company (1996) for a balanced discussion of the archaeological evidence and the idea held by many Native Americans that they did not emigrate from Asia, but rather have been here since the beginning of time.

For a Native American perspective see Vine Deloria, God is Red, a Native View of Religion, North American Press (1992).

A discussion of the wampum trade and its importance in the colonial and Indian economies is found in Paul A. More detail on specific aspects of the site is in William A.

Robinson, "The Wampum Trade in 17th-century Narragansett Country," in What a Difference a Bay Makes, Albert T. Brennan, editors, Rhode Island Historical Society and Rhode Island Department of Library Services (1993). Mc Bride, "The Source and Mother of the Fur Trade: Native-Dutch Relations in Eastern New Netherland," in Weinstein (1994). Rubertone, "Preliminary Biocultural Interpretations from a Seventeenth-Century Narragansett Indian Cemetery in Rhode Island," in William Fitzhugh, editor, Cultures in Contact: The European Impact on Native Cultural Institutions in Eastern North America, A. Turnbaugh, The Material Culture of RI 1000, a Mid-17th Century Burial Site in North Kingstown, University of Rhode Island (1984); Marc A.

These reports were prepared for the Rhode Island Department of Transportation and the Federal Highway Administration and are on file at the Department of Transportation and the Rhode Island Historical Preservation & Heritage Commission.

Of additional interest is a report by Janice Artemel and others, Providence Covelands Phase III Report (1984), prepared for the Federal Railroad Administration and the Federal Highway Administration, on file at the Rhode Island Historical Preservation & heritage Commission. Waller, Jr., Late Woodland Settlement and Subsistence along the Point Judith Pond of Southern New England, University of Connecticut at Storrs (1998), suggests that maize agriculture had a prominent role in Indian society prior to the arrival of Europeans. Bragdon's Native People of Southern New England, 1500-1650, University of Oklahoma Press (1996) provides an excellent description of the social, economic, and political circumstances of contact between Europeans and Native people. Grumet's Historic Contact: Indian People and Colonists in Today's Northeastern United States in the Sixteenth Through Eighteenth Centuries, University of Oklahoma Press (1995) is a comprehensive treatment of the period that includes references for much of the unpublished literature. Two excellent histories of the period are Neal Salisbury's Manitou and Providence: Indians, Europeans, and the Making of New England, 1500-1634, Oxford University Press (1982) and William Cronon's Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England, Hill and Wang (1983).

Layton, editor, Conflict in the Archaeology of Living Traditions, Unwin Hyman (1989). Robinson, The Struggle Within: The Indian Debate in Seventeenth-century Narragansett Country, Ph. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, Binghamton University (1990). Rubertone provides an excellent discussion of the RI 1000 project and a critical evaluation of Roger Williams's Key to the Language in Grave Undertakings: An Archaeology of Roger Williams and the Narragansett Indians, Smithsonian Press, (2001). Simmons Old Light on Separate Ways: The Narragansett Diary of Joseph Fish, 1765-1776, University Press of New England (1982).

For a detailed description of Narragansett Country between 15 A. Simmons (1989) and Weinstein (1989) provide overviews. An excellent account of the colonial period that combines oral and documentary history is Ruth Wallis Herndon and Ella Wilcox Sekatau, "The Right to a Name: The Narragansett People and the Rhode Island Officials in the Revolutionary Era," Ethnohistory Volume 44, Summer (1997).

Bernstein, Prehistoric Subsistence on the Southern New England Coast, Academic Press (1993). The magnificent effort of volunteers and others in excavating the Lambert Farm site before it was destroyed by development is presented in Jordan E.

Bernstein uses archaeological evidence from Greenwich Cove. Kerber's Lambert Farm: Public Archaeology and Canine Burials Along Narragansett Bay, Harcourt Brace & Company (1997). Kerber directed the project with Alan Leveillee at the Public Archaeology Laboratory.

Cronon provides a particularly informative account of the ecological changes brought by European settlement.