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Planing machines were experimented with early in the 1800s.Two early experiments are the Woodworth planer in 1824 and the Daniels planer in 1834.The circular saw was limited to cutting thin pieces of wood such as shingles, clapboards, and laths until the early 1900s.

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Country furniture does have its styles based predominately on religion and region.The catholic French and the Irish built cupboards with bold moldings, cut out feet, raised panels and they painted their cupboards in bright colors.However, a perfected machine was not developed until 1860.Lawsuits over patent rights prevented its use until 1880.The puritan New England cabinetmakers built simple unadorned cupboards painted in drab colors.

The Shakers are well known for their simple but elegant furniture.After 1700, its major use was as a large jigsaw to shape knees, ribbing, and planking for ships.The up-and-down saw, was used in this country from the 1680s until early in the 1900s.Therefore, most boards used in the construction of early cupboards show signs of being cut with an up-and-down saw.The circular saw although introduced in the mid 1850s could not be made big enough and powerful enough to cut lumber of the size used in furniture construction until 1880.The pit saw leaves marks on wood that look like this ///////////.